About cookies

The site www.monitorulapararii.ro uses cookies.

The information presented in the following has the purpose of informing the user in detail about the placement, usage and managements of “cookies” used by the site www.monitorulapararii.ro or by other sites from Mediafax SA network. You will also find some useful links on the subject.

If you require more information and they are not present in the following, you can contact us at office@m.ro.

Please read the following carefully:

This website uses both its own and third party cookies to provide users with a better browsing experience and services adapted to all of their needs and interests.

In what we call "web 2.0", "cookies" play an important role in facilitating access and delivery of multiple services over the internet user to enjoy, such as:

• Personalizing some settings such as: the language displayed when accessing a site, the currency in which certain prices or tariffs are shown, keeping user options for various products (measurements, other details etc.) in the shopping cart (and memorizing these options) – this way generating the flexibility of the shopping cart (accessing old preferences by the pressing the “forward” and “back” buttons)’

• Cookies offer site owners valuable feedback on how their sites are used by visitors, so that theu can make them more efficient and more accessible for users;

• They allow multimedia or other types of applications to be included on a certain site to create a more valuable, useful and pleasing browsing experience;

• They improve the efficiency of online advertising.

What is a “cookie”?

An "Internet cookie" (a term known as "browser cookie" or "HTTP cookie" or simply "cookie") is a small file consisting of letters and numbers that will be stored on your computer, handheld or other equipment from a user that is accessing the Internet.

The cookie is installed by request issued by a server to a web browser (for example Internet Explorer, Firefox, Chrome) and is completely "passive" (does not contain software viruses or spyware and cannot access the information on the hard drive user). Cookies keep information in a small text file that allows a website to recognize a browser. The web browser will recognize until the cookie expires or is deleted.

A cookie is formed out of two parts: the name and its content or the cookie’s value. The cookie’s lifespan is determined; technically, only the webserver which sent the cookie can access it again when a user returns to the website associated to the respective webserver.

Cookies themselves do not request private information to be used and, in most cases, they do not personally identify internet users.

There are two big cookie categories:

• Session cookies – these are temporary stored in the web browser’s cookie folder so that the latter can memorize them until the user exits the respective website or closes the browser window (ex: when you log in/log out from a webmail account or from social media).

• Persistent cookies – these are stored on the hard drive of a computer or equipment (and it generally depends on the pre-established lifespan of the cookie). Persistent cookies include those placed by another website than the one visited by the user at that time – known as “third party cookies” - which can be anonymously used to memorize the user’s interests, so that relevant advertising might be served to users.

What are the advantages of cookies?

A cookie contains information which link a web-browser (the user) and a certain webserver (the website). If a browser accesses the same webserver again, the latter can read the already stored information and react accordingly. Cookies ensure users a pleasant browsing experience and support the efforts of many websites to offer comfortable services to their users; for example preferences for online privacy, options regarding site language, the shopping cart or relevant advertising.

What is the lifespan of a cookie?

Cookies are managed by webservers. The lifespan of a cookie can vary significantly, depending on the purpose it is placed for. Some cookies are exclusively used for a single session (session cookies) and are not retained after the user leaves the website, while some cookies are remembered and reused every time the user comes back on the same website (permanent cookies). Despite this, cookies can be erased by a user at any time through browser settings.

What are third party cookies?

Some content sections on some sites can be provided through a third party/provider (ex: news box, a video or an advertisement). These third parties can also place cookies through the site and they are called “third party cookies” because they are not placed by the owner of the respective website. Third party providers must also respect current law and the privacy policies set by the site’s owner.

How are cookies used by this site

A visit on this site can place cookies for the following purposes:

• Site performance cookies

• Visitor analysis cookies

• Geotargetting cookies

• Registration cookies

• Advertising cookies

• Advertising providers cookies

These cookies can be provided by the following third parties: Zontera.com, doubleclick.com, Gemius and others.

Performance cookies

This type of cookies remembers user preferences on this site, so that they do not need to be set every time the site is visited.

Examples:

- volume settings for the video player

- the video streaming speed which is compatible with the browser

Cookies for visitor analysis

Every time a user visits this site, the analytics software provided by a third party generates an analysis cookie for the user. This cookie will tell us if you have visited this site before now. The browser will tell us if you have this cookie, and if you do not, we will generate one. This allows for monitoring unique users visiting us and how often they do it.

As long as you are not registered on this site, this cookie cannot be used to identify individuals, they are used only for statistical purposes. If you are registered we can also know the details you provided us, such as your e-mail address and username – these are subject to privacy and to the provisions of the Terms and Conditions, the Privacy Policy and as well to provisions of current legislation regarding protection of private data.

Geotargetting cookies

These cookies are used by a software which establishes what country you are from. They are completely anonymous and are used only to target content – so that even when you are on the Romanian version of this page or in another language you receive the same advertisement.

Registration cookies

When you register on this site, we generate a cookie which tells us if you are registered or not. Our servers use these cookies to show us the account you are registered with and if you have permission to use a certain service. It also allows us to associate any comment you post on our site with your username. If you have not selected the “keep me logged in” option, this cookie will be automatically deleted when you close your browser or your computer.

Advertising cookies

These cookies allow us to find out if you have or have not seen an online advertisement, what type the latter is and how much time has passed since you last saw the advertisement.

We use these cookies to also target online advertising. We can also use cookies belonging to a third party for better advertisement targeting, for example to show advertisements about vacations, if the user has recently visited an article on the site regarding vacations. These cookies are anonymous, they store information regarding seen content, not about users

We also set anonymous cookies through other sites which we run adverts through. By receiving them, we can therefore recognize you as a visitor of that site when you visit our site, and we will provide advertisement based on this information.

Advertisement provider cookies

A large part of the advertising found on this site belongs to third parties. Some of these parties use their own anonymous cookies to analyze how many people were shown an advert, or to see how many people were shown the same advert more than once.

The companies who generate these cookies have their own privacy policies, and this site does not have any access in reading or writing these cookies. Third party cookies can be used to show your target advertisement also on other sites, based on your browsing on this site.

Other third party cookies

On some pages, third parties can set their own anonymous cookies, to monitor the success rate of an application or to customize an application. Due to the way they are used, this site cannot access these cookies, just as third parties cannot access cookies owned by this site.

As an example, when you share an article using our social media buttons on the site, that social media network will record you activity.

What type of information is stored and accessed through cookies?

Cookies store information in a small text file which allows a website to recognize a browser. The webserver will recognize your browser until the cookie expires or is deleted.

The cookie stores important information which improves your internet browsing experience (ex: language settings for a site; keeping a user logged into his webmail account; online banking security; keeping products in the shopping cart).

Why are cookies important for the internet?

Cookies are the central point of the efficient functioning of the Internet, helping generate a friendly browsing experience which is adapted to the preferences and interests of each user. Refusing or deactivating cookies on some sites can make them impossible to use.

Refusing or deactivating cookies does not mean you will not receive online adverts anymore – just that these cannot take into account your preferences and interests which are highlighted by your behavior when browsing.

Examples of important use of cookies (which do not require authentication of a user through an account):

• Content and services adapted to user preferences – sections of news, weather, sports, maps, public and governmental services, entertainment sites and travel services;

• Offers adapted to the user’s interests – remembering passwords, language settings;

• Remembering child protection filters regarding Interne content (family mode options, safe search functions);

• Limiting the frequency of displaying and advert – restricting the number of displays of an advert for a specific site user;

• Providing more relevant advertising for the user

• Measurements, optimization and analytics characteristics – such as confirming a certain level of traffic on a website, what type of content is seen and the way in which a user reaches a website (through search engines, directly, from other websites etc.) Websites conduct these analyses of their usage to improve their sites to the benefit of the users.

Security and privacy problems

Cookies are NOT viruses! They use plain text formats. They are not built from code so they cannot be executed and also cannot run on their own. As a consequence, they cannot be duplicated or replicated on other networks, to be run or be replicated again. As they cannot accomplish these functions, they cannot be considered viruses.

Cookies can still be used though for negative purposes. Because they store information about user preferences and browsing history, on a site as well as on many other sites, they can be used as a form of Spyware. Many anti-spyware products are aware of this and constantly mark cookies for deletion during antivirus/antispyware scanning/deletion processes.

Generally, browsers have privacy settings integrated which provide different levels of accepting cookies, their lifespan and automatic deletion after the user has visited a certain site.

Other security aspects regarding cookies:

As protecting identity is extremely valuable and is a right that every internet user has, it is advised to know what problems can be caused by cookies. Because browser-website information is constantly being transmitted in both ways through them, if an attacker or an unauthorized person intervenes in the process of transmitting data, the information contained by those cookies can be intercepted.

Although it is very rare, this situation can happen if your browser is connected to the server using an unencrypted network (ex: an unsecure WiFi network).

Other attacks based on cookies happen due to wrong settings for cookies on the server. If a website does not require your browser to use only encrypted channels, attackers can use this vulnerability to fool browsers into sending information through unsecure channels. The attackers then use the information for the purpose of accessing certain sites without authorization. It is very important to pay attention when choosing the most suitable method of protecting private information.

Advice for a secure and responsible browsing, based on cookies

Thanks to their flexibility and the fact that most of the top visited and largest sites use cookies, they are almost unavoidable. Deactivating cookies will deny the user access to the most widespread and used sites such as YouTube, Gmail, Yahoo and others.

Here is some advice that can ensure that you have nothing to worry about when browsing with the help of cookies:

• Personalize your browser settings regarding cookies to reflect a comfortable enough level for you to secure the use of cookies;

• If you are not bothered by cookies and are the only person using the computer, you can set long expiration terms to store browsing history and personal access data;

• If you share access to the computer, you can consider setting the browser to delete individual browsing data every time you close the browser. This is an option to access sites which place cookies and to erase any visit information when you end your browsing session.

• Install and constantly update antispyware applications.

Most of the applications for spyware detection and prevention have abilities to detect site attacks. That stops the browser from accessing websites which could exploit its weaknesses or to download dangerous software.

Ensure that have your browser is always up to date..

Most of the attacks based on cookies are executed by exploiting weaknesses of older browser versions.

Cookies are everywhere and cannot be avoided if you want to enjoy access on the best and biggest sites on the internet, either local or international. With a clear understanding of the way they function and of the benefits they bring, you can take the necessary security measure so that you can browse the internet with confidence.

How can I stop cookies?

Deactivating and refusing to receive cookies can make some sites unusable or difficult to visit and use. Also, refusing to accept cookies does not mean you will not receive/see online adverts.

It is possible to modify your browser’s settings so that these cookies will no longer be accepted, or you can set your browser to accept cookies only from a specific site. But if, for example, you are not registered using cookies, you cannot post comments.

All modern browsers offer the possibility to change cookie settings. These settings are usually found in the “options” or “preferences” menu of your browser.

To understand these settings, the following links can be useful, or you can use the “help” option from your browser

Cookie settings in Internet Explorer

Cookie settings in Firefox

Cookie settings in Chrome

Cookie settings in Safari

For settings of cookies generated by third parties, you can visit the site:

http://www.youronlinechoices.com/ro/

Useful links

If you want to find out more about cookies and what they are used for, we recommend the following links:

Microsoft Cookies guide

All About Cookies

IAB Romania has the following site available to offer more information regarding privacy in online advertising

confidentialitatea legata de publicitatea online: http://www.youronlinechoices.com/ro/

For more details regarding privacy problems, you can also access the following links:

•http://www.dreptonline.ro/legislatie/oug_13_2012_modificare_prelucrare_date_
caracter_personal_protectia_vietii_private_comunicatii_electronice.php

www.youronlinechoices.eu/ro

http://www.iabeurope.eu/cookies-faq/internet-cookies---increasing-and-enhancing-yourinternet-surfing-experience/what-are-cookies-how-do-they-work---cookies-faq.aspx

http://www.guardian.co.uk/info/cookies