11 July 2018

The political results retrospective of the NATO summit’s from the last 10 years

Monitorul Apărării şi Securităţii

Image source: HEPTA

[ Romanian Version HERE ]

 

2017 Head of State and Governments Summit, 25th of May, Brussels

 

 

The Summit was organized to launch, at the highest level, the General District of NATO in Brussels, this being the actual purpose of the summit.

The agenda had two major subjects:

- Adopting measures to intensify NATO’s participation in the fight against terrorism, taking decisions in the cohesion and transatlantic unity spirit:

I. It was adopted the Plan of action to coordinate the actions against terrorism;

II. NATO became member with full rights of the Global Coalition against ISIS. The allies decided to offer support for the military capabilities consolidation in military actions, without actually taking combat actions on the field: supervising planes with AWACS devices and taking flights to refuel these devices; creating an Intelligence Cell regarding terrorism across the Informational Division of NATO; continuing the Special Forces trainings in Iraq.

- Establishing some fair contributions by the nations for the Alliance’s tasks. After a long period where the defence spending was collapsing, they decided to create national annual plans to establish the concrete method in which the allies will invest in the defence area:

I. The national plans will cover three important areas: current spending, new capabilities spending and Alliance’s contribution spending;

II. The nations must accomplish their commitment (taken at Wales’s summit, in 2014) to spend 2% of the GDB for defence, and 20% of this should be invested in major equipment. They will need to make supplementary investments in military capabilities really necessary for NATO.

III. The allies must plan annually the contributions to missions, operations and other NATO commitments.

 

The NATO-Russia relation subject was in the attention of the debate, reconfirming the multiple approach in this file: a strong allied defence combined with discouragement actions by Russia, respective preventing a direct conflict, by opening a NATO political dialogue, necessary to increase the transparence and to reduce security risks.

 

 

2016 Head of State and Governments Summit, 8th July, Warsaw

 

 

This summit was dedicated to increasing the allied cohesion and decision, to consolidate the defence and discouragement capabilities, as well as the fundamental policy for defending the populations and territories of NATO. The reunion concentrated also on strongly reaffirming the transatlantic solidarity. A special accent was on reinforcing the measures (initiated in 2014 at the Wales summit) of improvement of the military capabilities and political, military and institutional adapting measures (the Organization’s resistance) against the new international security environment. From the ally perspective, the new security environment is becoming more and more “unpredictable and demanding”, generating threats from the East (aggressiveness and military challenges of Russia), but also from South (the insecurity from the MENA area and terrorism- especially the Islamic State). There were underlined mostly the challenges in progress in the Baltic and Black Sea region, North Atlantic, and Mediterranean Sea.

They also talked again about the fact that an independent, sovereign and stable Ukraine is a key factor of the euro-Atlantic security. NATO admits the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine on their borders well-known at an international level, as it is seen in the Final Act of Helsinki.

Montenegro received the official invitation to join the Alliance.

The agenda included various significant subjects that lead to important decisions for NATO:

- It was reconfirmed the commitment of the allies against the Washington Treaty, that the transatlantic link is vital and the allies determination for defence, and individual and collective security.  It was decided that the accomplishment of the three fundamental missions made by the Strategic Concept must go on: collective defence, managing crisis and security through cooperation.

- It was decided that the military position of the Alliance is defensive, and defence and discouragement are actually the nucleus of NATO missions on this period: “We will make sure that NATO has the whole assortment of necessary capabilities to defend us and to discourage the potential enemies and the whole spectrum of threats that could confront the Alliance from any direction”. There were adopted measure to build some tenable forces, inter-operable and disposed. It was reconfirmed the nations commitment to invest in defence (adopted in 2014 in Wales), to quickly inverse the limitary budget collapse (at least 2% of the GDB for defence, 20% of the military budget being oriented to major equipment for research and development).  

- It was decided the strong consolidation of the defence and discouragement posture, which will be based on instruments that the Alliance has. The measures are to contribute at proving NATO’s capacity to operate without flank compels.

I. Establishing an increased, improved presence in Estonia, Lithuania and Poland to proof the possibility to action by raising an immediate allied response against any threat. From the beginning of 2017, the advanced presence will include multinational forces from the background nations and other allies, which will contribute through volunteering, on rota. These will be based on 4 tactical groups, each of a battalion dimension. Canada, Germany, Great Britain, and the US will serve as background nations for the advanced multinational presence in Leetonia, Lithuania, Estonia and Poland. Poland will offer the existent Division Commission.

II. The realization of an advanced presence adapted in the South-East area of the Alliance’s territory. This will include measures adapted for the Black Sea region, the realization of Romania’s initiative to create a Multinational Brigade to support the integrated training of the allied unities from the Romania’s South-East Multinational Division. It was also decided the exploration of some options for increased aerial and maritime NATO presences at the Black Sea.

III. The allies decided the improvement of the ISR capabilities to raise the strategic warning level and to assist the decisional process, especially on East and South flank, but also on the North Atlantic one.

IV. It was decided that the maritime posture of the Alliance will make stronger the Alliance’s role on the four dimensions: collective defence and discouragement, crisis management, security through cooperation and maritime security. The Permanent Naval Forces (that constitutes an essential maritime capacity of the Alliance, being the central piece of the maritime posture) will be consolidated and will be combined with NATO’s Response Force.

V. NATO will remain a Nuclear Alliance, so that its strategic forces, mainly the US ones, will be the supreme guarantee for the ally’s security. The independent strategic nuclear forces of Great Britain and France have also a discouragement role, which will considerable contribute to the Alliance’s collective security.

VI. The anti-racket Defence (BMD) will complete the nuclear weapons role in the discouragement process and will create a protection for the increasing proliferation of the ballistic rackets. It was a reference at the over 16 years of work effort on this project (at the Lisbon summit it was decided the development of a BMD NATO capacity, at the Chicago summit-2012 it was affirmed the NATO’s BDM interim operational capacity accomplishment, and at the Wales summit-2014 it was acknowledged  the advanced dispose of the Aegis navies to Rota- Spain), which made possible the accomplishment at this meeting of the initial operational capacity of NATO’s BDM, Aegis Ashore system from Deveselu- Romania ((C2) command-control system of the site, being in a transfer process to NATO). It was underlined the advanced radar’s importance in the BDM system from Kurecik-Turkey and that Poland will host a Aegis Ashore systems at the military base in Redzikowo.

VII. It was adopted the commitment to cyber defence, to increase the cyber defence of the networks and infrastructures in national and collective format: each member state will have the responsibility to improve the resistance and the ability to respond quickly and efficiently against cyber-attacks, including a hybrid context; it will adapted NATO’s capacity of cyber defence; it will be intensified the partnership with EU, with the academic and allied industrial medium.

VIII. There were adapted measures to assure the efficient approach capacity of the present challenges in hybrid war, in which are used extended, complex and adaptable combinations of conventional and unconventional ways, as well as military, para-military or civil measure, hidden or not, in schemes very well integrated by national or international actors. For this it was adopted a strategy and implementation plans. They got to the conclusion that “NATO is prepared to help an ally in any phase of a hybrid campaign”, also by summoning the Art. 5 from the Washington Treaty. The Alliance will commit to collaborate and to efficiently coordinate with the partners and the international organizations, especially with EU, in the efforts to fight against hybrid war.                                                                                                                                                                                   

The Alliance also decided to keep their commitment for a coherent international cooperation, especially with EU. For this it was adopted “The NATO-EU Common Declaration in Warsaw”, which consists in developing the cooperation on defence and security problems at a substantial and preferential level between the two organizations. This cooperation will assure complementarity, avoiding duplications and optimizing costs and resources provided for the tow organization’s security. In these circumstances, it was decide that the initiatives “Smart Defence” and “Pooling and Sharing” will be complementary and will develop inter-operable capacities.

 

2014 Head of State and Governments Summit- 4th November, Wales

 

 

The summit’s agenda was adapted to the strategic surprise made by Russia through the illegal takeover of Crimea and the aggression from East Ukraine. The NATO leaders made a plan with actions for consolidating collective defence and to assure that the Alliance is prepared to face any challenges in a security medium damaged by Russia’s aggressive attitude on East flank, by the violent extremism from Middle East and North Africa’s instability.

The agenda included various subjects:

- Adopting a complex plan of action to prepare “Readiness Action Plan”, necessary for military capacities consolidation, so that NATO be able to take action quick, decisive and concentrated with the pre-determined partners. The plan has the Measures of Accommodation on long term for increasing the reaction and training level of defence:

I. The allies decided to consolidate NATO’s Response Forces, by increasing its training level and by its quantitative and qualitative expansion. The objective was gaining a common force more capable and flexible, made from a terrestrial element of division level, with aerial, maritime and special operation forces components.

II. It was decided the creation of new common operational forces with a higher training fight level (Very High Readiness Joint Task Force- VJTF), capable to make disposes in operational spaces in 2-3 days. This capability will be certified, tested in exercises with quick scenarios and will stand on attention by 2015. There were identified 7 framework countries VJTF and it was established an on-rota plan for VTJF until 2022.

III. It was decided the consolidation of 8 multinational units of NATO-NFIU integration forces, on the allies territory from East Alliance’s territory, including Romania. These will be un-combat, but with an important role in assisting the dispose facilities training, of pre-positioning the equipment and the military materials, or to assist the Alliance’s forces to organize the consolidation process of the forces when necessary.

IV. There were adopted necessary measure to increase NATO’s capacity to develop new infrastructure measures, to increase the deployment’s flexibility and conditions of the quick maneuvers of different NATO forces on the member’s territory, especially on East flank.

V. The Northeast Multinational Commission Corps in Poland became completely operational and it was transferred in NATO’s Structures Forces. The Southeast Multinational Commission Corps in Romania will take the NFIU units coordination from the responsibility area and will assure flexible commands and control options in the responsibility area.

VI. It was decided the consolidation with supplementary capacities of the Permanent Naval Forces.

- At the meeting, it was decided that the allies that do not accomplish NATO’s general orientation to spend at least 2% of GDB for defence will have to reach this bar in 10 years. All the nations will have to spend at least 2% from the defence budget for new major equipment, including here also research-development spending in the defence area.

- It was agreed the improvement of the defence plans, the intensification of the short term exercises and the intensification of the military informational exchange. The intensified exercise program will accentuate the collective defence process, including training some complex responses to complex civil-military scenarios. It is considered that the initiative regarding Connected Forces (agreed in 2012 in Chicago) will contribute at assuring a coherence of the instruction and exercise elements. NATO leaders approved also a package of other measures to assure themselves that the Alliance will remain strong and prepared, including an improved defence and cyber defence policy.

- It was consolidated a frame-work for NATO’s adapting as a response to the improved challenges and the threats coming from South.

- The allies agreed “a complex package and adapted by measure” to support Ukraine, concentrated on 4 areas: medical rehabilitation for the injured troops; cyber defence, logistic support, command-control system improvement and the communication one. The assistance given by NATO to Ukraine for the military cooperation stimulation will be of around 15 million euros.

- Regarding the expansion policy, they agreed to offer Georgia an extended package of measures (to help their accession process), as well as intensified opened discussion about Montenegro’s accession.

 

2012 Head of State and Governments Summit-20th of May, Chicago

 

 

The Chicago reunion concentrated on adopting decisions on three different areas: intelligent investigation system in NATO’s defence system even in austerity periods”; Afghanistan’s future; the realization of commitments for approaching new centuries challenges with 13 NATO state partners (1), that already had political, operational and financial contributions to NATO’s  deployed operations.

 

The reunion had the next significant political results:

- The allies remade the commitments regarding the vital relation and the transatlantic solidarity, reconfirmed their commitments against Afghanistan’s, Kosovo and other areas operations, being determined to be sure that the Alliance has the necessary capabilities to face the whole threats series. NATO will remain in the transatlantic frame-work for a strong collective defence and the essential forum for consultations and decisions regarding security between the allies. The “Strategic Concept”, adopted in 2010 will still offer the base for the efficient accomplish and managing crisis and security through cooperation.

- Regarding the investments for the new capabilities, the most important decisions were:

I. It was established the main development objective of the “NATO Forces 2020”- modern force, knit connected, well equipped, trained and commanded so that it can action separately or with other partners in any security medium.

II. It will continue the “Alliance Ground Surveillance System” deployment system, a series of allies launching an important initiative of JISR improvement system (Joint Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance).

III. In the attention was the initiative “Smart Defence”, which will be a new approach to support the national development military capabilities responsibilities. There were recognized the allies decisions to create multinational specific projects, including projects for a better protection of the NATO forces. It came that Smart Defence presents a new perspective to the allied culture of cooperation, in which the multinational collaboration has a new prominence, as an efficient option to develop critic capacities. Developing new bigger European military capabilities will consolidate the transatlantic connection and will promote a fair tasks, benefits and responsibilities repartition to Alliance’s accession. In these circumstances, it was created the idea that NATO to cooperate more with EU, so that the NATO’s initiative to be complementary with EU’s initiative “Pooling and Sharing”.

- The allies announced that NATO gained an interim capacity for BDM anti-racket defence. It was decided that the US will contribute to “European Phased Adaptive Approach” development. The alliance’s leaders recognized some ally’s decisions to contribute at NATO’s anti-racket defence mission. The alliance will continue to apply its assumed commitment in Lisbon package by building a NATO capability of anti-racked defence that is really inter-operable, based on the “Layered Active Theatre Ballistic Missile Defence”   command and control network.

- NATO reaffirmed its commitment to develop, by the year 2024 and even after, the cooperation with the afghan state through the mechanism offered by “NATO-Afghanistan Lasting Partnership” (document signed in Lisbon, in 2010), in all the agreed areas. There will also be included programs from the initiative “Building Integrity Initiative”. ISAF and NATO’s Trained Mission in Afghanistan played an important role in the consolidation of the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF). The finalization of taking the responsibility in the security area process will be made by the end of 2014. That is why, NATO decide to pass from a combat mission to a new training mission, counseling and assistance, which will have a different nature from the actual mission of ISAF. The allies decided to pass to the production of such new missions led by NATO in Afghanistan.

- Regarding other important missions, the Alliance decided:

I. The extension of the commission regarding the operational combat of piracy from North Africa, “Ocean Shield Operation”, until 2014. NATO will support the international efforts of combating piracy, including by collaborating with EU operation “Atlanta”, with the collective group “Combined Task Force 151” and other naval forces, and by the continuously participation at the Contact Group for piracy from the Somalia coasts.

II. For the operation “Active Endeavour” – the NATO military operation from Mediterranean Sea, “Article 5” type, which contributes at fighting against terrorism, it was consolidated the passing to reviewing the strategic options for the future of such operation.

III. NATO will continue to offer support to Africa Union (UA), with demanded operational support. it was decided the extension of the strategic support for the aerial and maritime transport for the UA mission in Somalia- AMISOM, and for developing the capacities of maintaining UA’s peace on long term, including for “African Stand-by Force” force.

- In the issues regarding the extension:

I. The allies reconfirmed the extended treaty reached at the Bucharest summit, regarding the invitation of FYR Macedonia to join NATO, immediately after the solving regarding the state’s name according to ONU procedures.

II. NATO asked Bosnia and Herzegovina to makes substantial efforts, and quickly, to accession the first cycle of MAP process.  

III. There were recognized Georgia’s progresses to reach euro-Atlantic aspirations through reforms, through applying the Annual National Program and by active political commitment across the NATO-Georgia Commission. It was agreed the active support of the implementation by Georgia of all the necessary reforms, including the democratic, electoral and judicial reforms, as well as the reforms in the security and defence area. Similarly, it was approached Ukraine.

 

(1) Australia, Austria, Finland, Georgia, Japan, Jordan, Korean Republic, Morocco, New Zeeland, Swiss, Sweden and United Arabia.

 

2010 Head of State and Governments Summit- 19th November, Lisbon

 

 

The Lisbon summit in 2010 remains in the history as the moment when the “Strategic Concept of NATO” was adopted – a new strong commitment for a modern defence, which will stake all the political and military evolution of the Alliance until 2020

The Black Sea’s security appeared as a different subject on the reunion’s agenda:

The reunion had the next significant political results:

- The New NATO Strategic Concept (CSN)

I. CSN confirms that the transatlantic relation remain, in the future, as strong and important for keeping the euro-Atlantic peace and security. The NATO’s member’s security is indivisible.

II. The Alliance will have to accomplish three essential and fundamental missions:

i. Collective defence. NATO members will offer mutual support against any military attack, according to Art. 5 from the Washington Treaty. This is a commitment that remain strong and obligatory. NATO will discourage any enemy and will defend itself against any aggression threat of challenges from the security area- valid for the ally’s security in national format, as well as the Alliance’s security per ensemble.

ii. Crisis management. NATO has a unique and strong political and military capacity set to approach the whole crisis and international spectrum (before, during and after the event). NATO will actively commit an adequate political and military instruments to help at managing the crisis that have the potential to affect the Alliance’s security.

iii. Cooperative Security. The Alliance will actively commit in the consolidation of the international security, through partnerships with the most relevant countries and other international organizations, by contributing actively at the weaponry control, un-proliferation and disarming and by maintaining open doors for the accession at the European democracies that respects NATO’s standards.

III. NATO remains a unique transatlantic forum for consultations regarding all the issues that affect the territorial integrity, political independence and the member’s security, according to Art.4 from the Treaty.

IV. CSN underline the commitment that says that NATO must have the whole package of necessary capabilities to discourage and defence the Alliance of any threat against the populations and the ally’s territories security. For this, NATO will maintain an adequate mix of conventional, nuclear and anti-racked defence forces. For example, the anti-racket defense will become an integrated part of NATO’s general defence.  

V. NAC was hired to continue the reviewing of NATO’s general position regarding the discouragement and the defence.

VI. The allies are committed in a continuously NATO reform, modernization and transformation process.

- The Long Lasting Partnership with Afghanistan

The allies established that ISAF’s mission in Afghanistan remain the major priority of the Alliance. During the meeting with the president Karzai, all the ISAF, ONU, EU, Global Bank and Japan partners confirmed their support commitments against Afghanistan, according to the strategic vision agreed at the 2008 summit in Bucharest. The allies decided to enter a new phase: the transfer process of responsibilities on security line to afghan authorities and the transfer of the administration in some districts, phase to be made starting 2011. The transitions will be based on “conditions, not time”, but will not mean the retraction of the ISAF troops. Until 2014, the afghan forces will assume the whole responsibility for the security of all the afghan territory.

- NATO missions and operations:

I. NATO decided to remain committed to the stability in the Balkans region. KFOR remains in Kosovo to establish the development of a stable multi-ethnic medium. KFOR will cooperate will all the relevant actors, especially with the EU mission to support the law supremacy in Kosovo- EULEX and Kosovo Police. The mission will pass through a political revision to a more reduced and flexible presence.

II. Active Endeavour Operation- the maritime operation Art.5 type in the Mediterranean Sea will mean a new significant contribution in fighting against terrorism.

III. Ocean Shield Operation from the East Africa will prove NATO’s commitment to contribute at combating piracy and armed robbery on the seas.

IV. At UA’s demand, NATO will offer support for its mission in Somalia. Moreover, still at UA’s demand, the alliance will offer military protection for the ONU’s ships to support UA’s mission in Somalia.

V. The training mission of NATO in Iraq (NTM-I) proved the Alliance’s support for the Iraqi government. NATO is ready to consider and to answer the generated demands by Bagdad, through the structured cooperation framework of the Partnership with this country.

- NATO’s policy about partnerships:

It was decided a political dialogue development and a practice cooperation with the partners, continuing the partnership policies made by NATO:

I. The Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council and the Partnership for Peace will remain essentials for NATO’s visions regarding the whole Europe, liberal, stable and in peace. Peace and stability in Mediterranean Sea region will be essential for the euro-Atlantic security, being necessary for Mediterranean Dialogue continuation.

II. NATO appreciates the progresses made in Initiative Cooperation in Istanbul from 2004. The still want to collaborate with ICI partners, to consolidate this initiative.

- Black Sea security:

The Allies said that the security and stability issue in Black Sea’s region continue to be important for the euro-Atlantic security. NATO recognized the progress made for the consolidation of the regional cooperation by efficiently using the initiatives and the existent mechanism, based on transparence and complementarity. The Alliance is ready to support the regional efforts, if the case, based on regional, dialogue and cooperation priorities from the countries around the Black Sea, among these being the Alliance.

- NATO-Russia relation (NRC)

I. During the NATO-Russia Council, bilateral cooperation was seen as having a strategic importance, due to common security interests. NATO expressed its determination to build a long lasting and inclusive peace, together with Russia, in the euro-Atlantic space. The Alliance waits for a positive reaction at the proposal of building a “true strategic partnership” between NATO and Russia.

II. NATO wants Russia to accomplish its commitments against Georgia, mediated by EU in 2008.

III. NATO will continue to explore the cooperation possibilities in the anti-racket defence area with Russia, to amplify the transparence and mutual trust, which is why they invited Russia to a dialogue on this subject.

IV. The Alliance wasn’t the expansion of NRC agenda, so that the debate other subject too, as Afghanistan, the application methods of the OSCE principals in Europe, military forces deployments, the transparency regarding military posture and doctrine or the global differences regarding nuclear weaponry with short range on action, weaponry control and other security issues.

 

2008 Head of State and Governments Summit- 2th of April, Bucharest


 

The Bucharest reunion gave attention to continuing the expansion process of NATO in the Balkans, but not through the Russian borders. There were adopted decisions in various important dimensions for the Alliance. Also, we can consider that, until now, it is the last summit that Russia participated at, in the NATO-Russia Council and where there were discussions about the cooperation with the Alliance and not the confrontation with the Occident. Georgia 2008 moment was about to come very quickly.

The agenda included various important subjects:

- The expansion process of NATO:

I. Croatia and Albania received invitations of accession and about having discussions on this theme. Regarding FYR Macedonia, the allies decided that this one will receive the invitation immediately after solving the issue regarding the state’s name in the international right conditions.

II. Bosnia- Herzegovina and Montenegro will receive a superior background of Intensified Dialogue with NATO on all the dimensions regarding their aspirations of becoming NATO state members. It was not defined a time horizon for the two state’s accession.

III. The allies showed optimism regarding Ukraine’s and Georgia’s accession perspective to NATO, without making invitations or showing perspectives for this. NATO demanded a high political commitment coming from both states, to solve the issues that MAP sent and that were left unsolved. The Council recommends a first progress evaluation in NAC, in December 2008. MAP became the next step for Ukraine and Georgia.

- Missions and operations:

  1. Afghanistan. The ISAF mission, that had in that year 40 nations, remained the priority of the Alliance on the afghan territory.  It was decided the command, with the ISAF partners and the afghan president, of a declaration regarding Afghanistan, to generate a clear vision, centered on 4 directions: a strong, common and long lasting commitments, support for the afghans for their responsibility management, a complex international approach, which does not include civil and military efforts, an increased cooperation with Afghanistan’s neighbors, especially with Pakistan. It was adopted a complex plan on actions of NATO in Afghanistan, for the next 5 years.
  2. The Balkans. The NATO commitments against the Balkans regional stability remains constant. KFOR will continue to collaborate with the Kosovar authorities to eliminate the violence and according to the operational mandate, KFOR will cooperate and will support ONU, EU and other international factors to maintain a stable multiethnic system in Kosovo. The successful cooperation in the Balkans, including the EU Althea operation through the “Berlin Plus” treaty, will contribute to regional peace and security.

NATO-Russia relations:

  1. The allies considered that during more than a decade, NATO had with Russia a political dialogue, as well as other projects in various areas that include international security. The Alliance will remain focused on the recent Russian actions and declarations regarding security things, like the Treaty regarding conventional army forces in Europe (CFE). NATO is determined to continue its collaboration with Russia as equal partners, according to Roma’s Declaration.
  2. The Allies established that the bilateral discussions between the US and Russia regarding anti-racket and CFE defence, among others, will be a plus for the relations with Russia. The Alliance said that the NATO-Russia potential is not enough fructified.
  3. NATO appreciated Russia’s availability to support ISAF’s mission in Afghanistan through making easier the Russian territory transit, as well as the profound cooperation in supporting Afghanistan’s government. The cooperation in the Space-Aerial Cooperation Initiative and Russia’s support at the Endeavour Active Operation in Mediterranean Sea will contribute to the common fight against the terrorism.

 The security in the extended region of the Black Sea

  1. The allies reaffirmed the importance of the Black Sea’s region for NATO, so that they appreciated the progress made for the regional cooperation, through efficient utilization of the initiatives and the existent mechanism. The Alliance will support the regional efforts, if the case, considering the regional priorities and the dialogue and the cooperation between the Black Sea’s regional countries and between this one and the Alliance.
  2. The Alliance will remain focused on the unsolved regional conflicts from the South Caucasus and Moldavian Republic. The allies will support the territorial integrity, the independence and the sovereignty of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and the Moldavian Republic, taking actions for this.

Anti-racket defence:

  1. The Alliance was really concerned about the nuclear Iranian proliferation risks programs and the ballistic rackets, asking Iran to respect CS and ONU’s 1969, 1737, 1747 and 1803 Resolutions. The same happened with the proliferation activities from North Korea, which was invited to respect CS and ONU’s 1718 Resolution. They estimated that the ballistic rackets proliferation is a bigger threat against the population, territories and allied forces.
  2. Anti-racket defence will be a part of a bigger response coming from NATO. The allies appreciated the substantial contribution at the ally’s protection against ballistic rackets through methods that are about to be provided through “European Based United States Missile Defence” implementation. The allies decided the explore ways to connect this capacity with current efforts of NATO’s anti-racket defence, as a way of assuring an integrative element for any future anti-racket defence architecture, at an Alliance level. Moreover, it was decide to explore options for a “global architecture of anti-racked defence which includes covering all the territories and populations that are not covered by the US’s system.